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Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

The Iowa DNR was informed by Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory that a deer from a shooting preserve in Davis County tested positive for CWD. The National Veterinary Services Lab in Ames confirmed the positive test and Iowa is implementing its CWD containment plan. None of the other samples submitted tested positive. Beginning this fall the DNR will be working with hunters and landowners in this area to collect samples from hunter harvested deer. Testing will continue in other parts of the state as well.

Iowa has tested over 42 thousand wild deer and over 4 thousand captive deer and elk as part of the surveillance efforts since 2002 when CWD was found in Wisconsin. Samples are collected from all 99 counties in Iowa; however the majority are taken in the counties nearest to areas where CWD has been detected in other states. Samples are collected voluntarily from hunter-harvested deer at check stations and meat lockers.

CWD Map

"What we are doing is an important part of the national CWD surveillance and monitoring effort," said Dr Dale Garner, bureau chief for the wildlife bureau. "It is needed to give us a good picture of what is going on within the deer population."

CWD is a neurological disease affecting deer and elk. It is caused by an abnormal protein - known as a prion - that essentially eats holes in the brains of infected animals. In the latter stages of the disease, animals appear disoriented, lethargic and emaciated. They often exhibit excessive thirst, salivation, urination and drooping head and ears. It is always fatal to the infected animal. Anyone seeing a deer exhibiting these symptoms should immediately contact the Iowa DNR.

CWD was first discovered in northeastern Colorado in 1967. Since then, CWD has been detected in free-ranging populations in Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming and in Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada. It has been detected in captive facilities in Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New York, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming, and in Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada.

Hunter participation was completely voluntary and the DNR thanks all hunters that assisted with the CWD surveillance by providing deer heads for testing.

Note: It should be pointed out that this testing for the CWD agent is not a food safety test. At this writing, it is not believed that humans can contract CWD by eating venison; however, the Center for Disease Control and the World Health Organization recommends that hunters do not eat the brain, eyeballs, or spinal cord of deer, and that hunters wear protective gloves while field dressing game.

Also, hunters cannot transport into Iowa the whole carcass of any cervid (i.e., deer, elk, moose or caribou) taken from a CWD endemic area within any state or province. Only the boned-out meat, the cape, and antlers attached to a clean skull plate from which all brain tissue has been removed are legal to transport into
Iowa.

Chronic Wasting Disease Response Plan
(Iowa DNR and Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship)

Attention Out-of-State Hunters

Chronic Wasting Disease Fact Sheet

Chronic Wasting Disease, Brochure
Baiting/Feeding - Unintended Consequences
Chronic Wasting Disease Timeline (Pine Ridge Hunting Preserve, Davis County)

Chronic Wasting Disease Alliance - www.cwd-info.org

USGS - National Wildlife Health Center


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