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Water Security

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The security of Iowa's water resources is important to all Iowans and an important part of the Iowa DNR's mission.  This website was created to assist water supply and wastewater operators with protecting Iowa's water resources.  This site focuses on protecting water and the infrastructure needed to produce and distribute drinking water.  This site includes resources and links to information useful in assessing vulnerability, putting into place protective measures, and developing emergency plans. 


Assessment Tools
Risk Assessment Methodology for Water Utilities (RAM-W) by Sandia National Labs Provides a methodology for conducting vulnerability assessment programs for water utilities.  This program is best suited to facilities serving populations > 100,000.
Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool (VSAT-Water & Wastewater) Funded by the EPA and developed by the AMSA VSAT provides a comprehensive assessment tool that could be used and understood by every water utility manager. This program is best suited to facilities that serve populations between 10,000 to 100,000.
US EPA Office of Water Security The Office of Water Security has put together a list of tools to help facilities with vulnerability assessments.


Once the vulnerability assessment is complete the water utility will have a better understanding of what can be done to protect it's infrastructure and natural resources.  The next step is to implement recommended changes that are reasonable and feasible.  Some possible sources of funding for these infrastructure changes are listed below.

Funding for infrastructure protection comes from two sources, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Federal Homeland Security (DHS).  The EPA Water Security Division has put together a web page listing a variety of potential funding sources and eighty percent of the Federal Homeland Security funding that the State of Iowa receives is passed through to local communities.  In Iowa, DHS grant money is disbursed through County Emergency Management Agency Coordinators. Security improvements at water and wastewater facilities are eligible for funding if they meet DHS Office of Grants and Training Guidelines. Contact your local county emergency management coordinator if you would like to apply for DHS grant money.

State Funding Sources
Iowa State Revolving Loan Fund
Iowa Hazard Mitigation Grant Program
Iowa Community Development Block Grant Program
Iowa Rural Development Grant Program

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The Department of Natural Resources in conjunction with local state and federal partners has developed several tools to assist water and waste water utilities in planning for an emergency.  These resources are tools should be used to develop plans and not as a substitute for the planning process.

Planning Tools and Resources
Wellhead Protection Emergency Preparedness Water System Security Forms
Wellhead Model Plan, Full  Emergency Preparedness Model - full Incoming Threat Identification Check List
Wellhead Model Plan, Part 1 Emergency Preparedness Model Water System Report of Suspicious Activity
Wellhead Model Plan, Part 2 Emergency Preparedness Model - Appendices Telephone Bomb Threat Report Form
Wellhead Model Plan, Workbook   Security Inventory Form


Additional water security information and assistance can be found at the EPA Office of Water Security website and the Water Security Network.