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YHEC Events


Hunter Responsibility Exam
A Hunter Responsibility Exam will include 60 objective questions (written essay, multiple choice, ture or false, or fill-in-the-blank).  All questions are taken from information contained in the NRA The Hunter's Guide and the Iowa Hunter Education Student Manual.  Participants must answer all test questions with no assistance from other participants, written materials, or instructors.  Students will have 60 minutes (one hour) to complete the test.  Scoring will be based on a maximum of 300 points.  A correct answer is worth five points; an incorrect answer is worth zero points.

A Hunter Responsibility Exam will include 60 objective questions (written essay, multiple choice, ture or false, or fill-in-the-blank).  All questions are taken from information contained in the NRA The Hunter's Guide and the Iowa Hunter Education Student Manual.  Participants must answer all test questions with no assistance from other participants, written materials, or instructors.  Students will have 60 minutes (one hour) to complete the test.  Scoring will be based on a maximum of 300 points.  A correct answer is worth five points; an incorrect answer is worth zero points.

Hunting/Wildlife Identification Challenge
Team participants walk a natural grassland-woodland trail testing their wildlife identification skills and hunter knowledge.  The course is designed to simulate actual wildlife encounters and signs "as seen" in the field. 

The Hunting/Wildlife Identification Challenge questions require the participant/teams to observe and identify animal sounds, signs, silhouettes, decoys, mounts, study skins or tanned hides, and tracks.  Aniaml tracks may be original or molds made of the prints.  Wildlife signs may be real or reporduced.  Challenge items will be observed at various distances and under various light conditions.  Participants are not allowed to touch specimens unless instructed otherwise by the Challenge coordinator. 

Each question is assigned a point value determined by degree of difficulty along with other factors.  Partial credit is possible for some questions.  The Hunter/Wildlife Identification Challenge has a possibility of 300 points. 

Information used for questions has been taken from the NRA's The Hunter's Guide, the Iowa Hunter Education Manual, other wildlife manuals, and wildlife organizational publications.  Iowa hunting law (primarily seasons, bag/possession limits) also provide materials for questions. 

Team participants are not allowed to have their possession written, taped, or transcribed materials or electronic devices while participating in this activity.  No talking is allowed between the participants or with their coaches while on the challenge course.  Only one participant is allowed at a station.  Coaches are allowed to walk the trail and take the challenge after the youth participants are well down the trail.  Participants will be taken back through the course by a Challenge Coordinator after everyone has completed the challenge during that time period.  Coaches may ask the Challenge Coordinators ahead of time to help those participants who may have reading disabilities.

Hunter Safety Trail Challenge
Hunter Safety Trail Challenge: participants or teams will walk through a predetermined trail designed to simulate actual hunting conditions and situations. The participants will be required to demonstrate their knowledge of hunter safety on this practical field course. 

The Hunter Safety Trail Challenge will be conducted with the participants moving from station to station with each situation varying greatly. Participants may be tested and scored on the Do's and Don'ts of firearm safety and shoot/don't shoot situations encountered in a hunting environment. Stations may include, but are not limited to, hunter game situations, target identification, landowner relationships, and safe gun handling afield. 

Each participant and/or team will travel to a maximum of 10 stations with each station worth 30 or more points for a correct action and zero for an incorrect action. The Hunter Safety Trail Challenge has a possibility of 300 points.

A ten point penalty, per designated station, will be assessed if a participant or team violates safety rules. No hunter education books or other written, taped, or transcribed material can be used in this activity. Also, no talking will be allowed between the participant and instructor or other participants while on the course.

Hunting Archery Challenge
Archery Challenge: Participants will walk through a field archery course in a natural setting. The course is designed to simulate shooting situations encountered while bow hunting.

The Archery Challenge will be conducted with the participants taking shots at life-size game targets (3-D) varying in distance from 5 to 30 yards with scoring areas directly over the vital areas of the game. Each participant will shoot a total of 15 shots each worth 20 points if inside the vital area, or zero points if outside the vital area. All shots must break the vital area line to be counted as a vital "hit." Challenges must be made on the range before the next arrow is pulled. The Archery Challenge has the possibility of 300 points.

Bow and arrows will be supplied by the sponsor. Shooters may use only one bow for this activity except in the case of malfunction. Only target or field point arrows will be permitted and will be provided. The following equipment will be used for the Hunting Archery Challenge:

  • Recurve bows, 10# - 35# draw weight, with no sights;
  • Aluminum shafted arrows with field or target points;
  • Arm guards and finger tabs or gloves provided
    - (participants may bring their own);
  • No mechanical releases will be permitted or provided.

Light Hunting Rifle Challenge
The Light Hunting Rifle Challenge will be conducted with the participants walking through a rifle field course designed to simulate shooting situations encountered while hunting. Participants will fire at life-size game targets with scoring areas directly over vital areas. There will be a total of five stations. Participants will fire five shots at each station. Maximum time allowed is 5 minutes per station.

  • Station number one will have participants shooting at 8-12 yards. Participants will shoot from the standing position. No supports will be allowed at this station.
  • Station number two will have participants shooting at 14-18 yards. Participants may use any shooting position (except prone). No supports will be allowed at this station.
  • Station number three will have participants shooting at 24-28 yards. Participants may use any shooting position (except prone) with a vertical prop available for use.
  • Station number four will have participants shooting at 28-32 yards. Participants may use any shooting position with a vertical prop available for use.
  • Station number five will have participants shooting at 34-38 yards. Participants may use any shooting position (except standing) with a vertical prop available for use.

Each participant will fire a total of 25 shots for points, 5 at each shooting station worth 12 points each if inside or touching the vital area, or zero points if outside and not touching the vital area. The three shots at the range will not count to allow the participant to adjust to variation in the sights. No optical equipment will be allowed on the range. Coaches and parents may provide direction during the sighting-in shots, but will be excluded from the range for the remainder of the course.

The following equipment will be used for the Light Hunting Rifle Challenge:

  • Standard-type bolt action .22 caliber rifles with open sites;
  • .22 rimfire long rifle standard velocity ammunition.

Hunting Orienteering Skills Challenge
Participants or teams will walk through a field and/or woodland course in a natural setting to a pre-determined skills station. At each station, the participants will be required to demonstrate their knowledge of map and compass skills by answering questions or performing certain tasks.

The Orienteering Skills Challenge will be conducted with the participants or teams taking a bearing with their compass, closing a shape, identifying map symbols, and defining orienteering words (examples: contour lines, scale, declination). The participant may be asked to identify how nature can give you different directions of travel (north, south, east and west, etc.). These situations can be used as well as many others in the Orienteering Skills Challenge (not to be announced before the program).

Each participant will be asked to answer 10 compass bearing or other related map and compass orienteering questions, each worth 30 points for a correct answer and zero for an incorrect answer. The Orienteering Skills Challenge has a possibility of 300 points.

Only compasses can be used on the Orienteering Skills Challenge Course and will be furnished by the sponsors - Silva, liquid-filled Pathfinders. No orienteering books, encyclopedias or other written, taped or transcribed material can be used in this activity. Also, no talking is to be done between the participant and instructors or other participants while on the course. The information for this event has been taken from the NRA's The Hunter's Guide, Be An Expert With Map and Compass Orienteering Handbook by Bjorn Kjellstrom, and Finding Your Way With Map and Compass Orienteering by John Dinsley. To obtain these two Silva Compass publications, contact Johnson Camping, Box 966, Binghamton, NY 13902.

Hunting Shotgun Challenge
Participants will walk through a Hunter's Shotgun course. This course is not patterned after conventional skeet and trap shooting, but is designed to simulate hunting conditions and situations. The layout will vary depending on the available topography. The shooting stations will make use of available cover to best depict species hunted by shotgun in Iowa.

Targets will be the Hunter/Sporting Clays clay targets and/or life-size targets. Sizes of the clay targets may vary depending on different situations. Each participant will shoot a variety of shots totaling a possible 300 points. Zero points will be given to each miss.

The ready position for calling for the target requires the gun to be off the shoulder with the gun butt plate below the shoulder level. The gun may not be shouldered until after the target is visible (this does not apply to stationary targets). In other words, in case of a delay pull the participant cannot call for the target and immediately shoulder the gun. The participant must wait for the target to appear. Color targets will be used to simulate protected (non-shootable) targets. Points will be deducted for shooting at protected targets. A legal target is a whole clay target that is thrown from the trap in a prescribed flight pattern within the five-second time limit after the participant calls for the target. Targets broken by the trap or another obstruction will not be scored. These are illegal targets and will be re-thrown for the participant, regardless of whether or not the participant fires at the target.

The following equipment will be used: 

  • 20 gauge pump shotguns;
  • Ammunition will be provided and loaded only on the direction of the range officer.

Shooting Procedures: Only the participant will be allowed on the station or firing line while shooting each station. The scorer or range officer will hand shells to the shooter as required. All shooting will be done from a standing or sitting position. The shooter shoots his/her quota of targets and then returns his/her gun to the gun rack; the next participant steps forward and repeats the sequence until all individuals and team members have had their turn.

Scoring will be done by Iowa YHEC selected officials. Only legal targets will be scored and the scorer will be sole judge of whether or not a target is broken. Officials may ask assistance from the trap puller or the range official if they feel their assistance is required.
 
The scorers will call miss for any target they feel is missed. Any challenge to the call must be made immediately by the participant. The scorer will then make the final decision with assistance from the trap operator and/or the range official. Rule violations and procedure violations can be referred to the Iowa YHEC staff and officials for settlement but legality of targets and whether or not the target is broken is the responsibility of the scorer. Only targets with a visual piece broken off will be scored dead. Duster and even birds deflected in flight (but with no visible breakage) will be scored miss. Based on the scorer's judgment, if a target hits an obstruction such as a tree or limb of a tree before the participant has had ample time to fire at the bird, a new target will be thrown. However, if the participant has had ample time to fire in the scorer's judgment, and failed to do so before the target hits an object near the end of its flight and breaks, the target will be scored miss.

Hunting Muzzleloader Challenge
The Hunting Muzzleloader Challenge will be conducted with the participants taking shots at NRA life-sized targets with scoring areas directly over the vital areas of the game and varying distance from 20 up to 75 yards. Participants will shoot from three shooting stations.

  • Station number one will have a shooting distance between 20 yards and 35 yards. Participants may use any shooting position and utilize any of the available props.
  • Station number two will have a shooting distance between 36 and 55 yards. Participants may use any shooting position (excluding prone) with a vertical prop as the only aide.
  • Station number three will have a shooting distance between 51 and 75 yards. Participants will only shoot from a standing position with no props permitted at these distances.

Each participant will shoot a total of six shots, two at each station. Each shot is worth 50 points if touching the vital area, and zero points for body hits outside the vital area. All shots breaking or touching the vital area will be counted as a vital hit. The Hunting Muzzleloader Challenge has a possible 300 points.

The following equipment will be used:

  • 50 caliber muzzleloading cap locks with open sites;
  • Black powder ammunition;
  • Firearms will be sighted in prior to the event by the range master.

One coach will be allowed to talk to the participant at each station before and after shooting. The coach must remain in the coach's box, established by the range master, at each shooting station. Each coach may use binoculars or a spotting scope to locate the shot on the target and relay this information to the participant, when advised by the range master.


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