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By Ty Smedes
From the September/October 2017 issue of Iowa Outdoors magazine
Each fall, from September through December, bird-of-prey enthusiasts gather at hawk watches around the state to observe and count eagles, hawks, falcons and other raptors as they migrate south. Using thermals and up-drafts along major river valleys, thousands of these fascinating creatures follow Iowa’s “hawk highways” as they make their way south from northern nesting grounds.
With organized hawk watches all across Iowa, nature lovers can attend one in their area. Across the state—from west to east—here are four hawk watches to choose from:
Hitchcock Nature Area Hawk Watch,
It’s long been known that Iowa’s Loess Hills create thermal up-drafts that aid raptors during migration. For instance, the occurrence of a cold front brings northwest winds, which strike western sides of these hills, creating updrafts that allow raptors to conserve energy by riding them southward during migration.
Well-known biologist and ornithologist Jon Stravers originated the idea for a hawk watch when he proposed a good location along the Missouri River to start one. Jon contacted some local birders, including Loren and Babs Paddleford, who got a little funding and started formal counting in 2002. Located at the Hitchcock Nature Center, outside of Honey Creek in southwest Iowa, an observation tower commanding a lofty, stunning view of the Loess Hills is staffed by trained volunteers who point out passing raptors and identify them for visitors. The tower is staffed seven days a week beginning sometime in September into December, when most migrations end.
“The data from Hitchcock and other hawk watches across the eastern U.S. is used by the Hawk Migration Association of North America to reveal trends and population changes throughout the eastern half of North America,” says raptor biologist and hawk watch facilitator Jerry Toll. (Hawk-watch International collects and analyzes data from hawk watches across the western states.)
Populations can be affected by climate change or loss of habitat. These watch events are ways raptor populations are monitored. Other methods, such as Christmas Bird Counts, have limitations as several raptor species have already migrated.
“Hawk watches provide a better picture of the meta-populations of raptors,” says Toll. To staff the hawk watch tower from September through December, Hitchcock volunteers make it happen. Long-time volunteer Clem Claphake, says “Hawk watches have value as indicators of how raptor populations are doing, and in particular we’ve witnessed a big drop in numbers of migrating American kestrels over the last few years. Our baseline data from early years allowed us to see this trend. The high population of migrating raptors along the Loess Hills also indicates it will never be a good place to put wind turbines. We already have data to back this up.”
High Trestle Trail Hawk Watch,
Once a lofty railroad trestle spanning the Des Moines River between Woodward and Madrid, the High Trestle Trail Watch is held at the overlook at the west end of the beautifully reconditioned and enhanced bridge. Having completed a sixth year, organizer and retired DNR wildlife diversity biologist Doug Harr stresses hawk watches allow discovery of migration routes unknown for certain species. And sometimes here in central Iowa we find some raptors we didn’t expect. For instance, although the Swainson’s hawk is generally found out west, we did see a couple coming down the Des Moines River. Birds are simply one good indicator of the health of the environment.”
These records are sent to the DNR’s wildlife diversity program to help track hawks and other birds of prey and to monitor how each population is doing. The other benefit is educational—pointing out raptors as they pass by to the public and watching people get excited.
“If we can get people to understand more about birds that migrate through Iowa, they may also begin to understand how important the environment is to those raptors. This is the perfect place, adjacent the High Trestle Bridge on this viewing platform, which commands a great view of the Des Moines River valley. And being located along one of the most popular bike trails allows bikers and hikers to cross the bridge and stop by to look through a spotting scope and learn about raptors.”
Marquette Hawk Watch,
A tradition at Effigy Mounds National Monument since 1984, three to four years ago the annual hawk watch was handed over to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Driftless Area Wetlands Center at Marquette and Upper Iowa Audubon” says Billy Reiter Marolf of the service.
“The Upper Iowa Audubon folks set up scopes and have binoculars available at the Driftless Area Wetlands center. These expert birders identify birds for the public, as they fly over. About 200 people stop by the wetlands center, and staff from The Minnesota Raptor Center may bring several live birds and do four raptor programs throughout the day,” he says.
This watch is often timed for the second weekend of October during National Wildlife Week, but banders would like to hold it a couple of weeks earlier to catch more diversity and to perhaps catch the broad-wing hawk migration.
Grammer Grove Hawk Watch,
“Twenty-seven years ago, on the way home from a canoe trip to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area of northern Minnesota, my mom stopped at the hawk watch at Hawk Ridge, in Duluth, Minnesota,” explains Grammer Grove Hawk Watch organizer Mark Proescholdt. It was her inspiration that led to the first hawk watch at Grammer Grove.
“Mom passed away a few years ago, but I’ve continued the hawk watch. Right now I count hawks on Monday and Wednesday afternoons, which are my days off,” he says, adding lots of volunteers also make it happen. The watch occurs 12 miles northwest of Marshalltown at Grammer Grove Wildlife Area along the Iowa River valley.
“All hawk watches are valuable in monitoring the numbers of various raptor species as they migrate south. When all hawk watches report in, that’s when we can see any trends that may stand out,” says Proescholdt. Their data is sent to the Hawk Migration Association of North America, the DNR, the Iowa Ornithologists Union and the Marshall County Conservation Board.
“A couple of times I’ve been asked for hawk migration numbers by those contemplating placement of wind turbines. We usually coordinate with Marshall County and other organizations to invite the public to attend on weekends, and we’ve also been visited by home-schooled groups,” he says.
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Fall 2017 Hawk Watch Locations & Dates
• Raptor flights generally begin around 10 a.m. when thermals start, and end around 6 p.m. during peak fall season in late September and October, but weather conditions can alter this daily timetable dramatically.
• Hitchcock Nature Center Hawk Watch 27792 Ski Hill Loop, Honey Creek—Hawk watch daily, on nature center observation tower – Sept. 1 to Dec. 20. 712-545-3283, pottcoconservation.com
• High Trestle Trail Hawk Watch 2335 Qf Ln, Madrid—viewing platform at west end of the High Trestle Trail Bridge spanning the Des Moines River valley between Woodward and Madrid. For parking, follow Hwy 210 west of Madrid, turn left onto Qf Ln. Walk or bike one mile of trail to the west end of the bridge. Scheduled for 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Sat. in early October. For more details contact Marlene at 515-291-3000 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
• Grammer Grove Hawk Watch - 2030 - 127th Street, Liscomb – Watch dates and days of week may vary – check the Marshall County Conservation Board early Sept. for dates and times.
• Marquette Hawk Watch - 509 US-18, Marquette. To date the Hawk Watch has been timed for the 2nd weekend of October, but the date may change. Check with DriftlessAreaWetlandCentre.com or 563-873-3537 for dates and times.